Gong surname information
Palace (g ō Ng) Last name
The ancestors were Gong Zhiqi, Nangong Shi, and Yu Zhong, who are the 217th contemporary surnames in China. The ancestors of the Gong family who immigrated to Hongdong Da Huai Shu in the Ming Dynasty were people from Pingyang Prefecture, Hongdong County, Zhaocheng County, and other regions. In the early Ming Dynasty, they were ordered to migrate to different places in Hongdong Da Huai Shu. By the end of the Qing Dynasty, their descendants were distributed in Henan, Shandong, Hebei, Beijing, Tianjin, Shaanxi, Gansu, Anhui, Jiangsu, Hubei, Hunan, Liaoning, Heilongjiang, Shanxi, and other places.
The record of the Gong surname was first seen in the "Guangyun" of the Northern Song Dynasty.
There are five main origins of surnames:
① Originating from taking official positions as surname. According to the "Differentiation of Ancient and Modern Surnames Book", those who were in charge of the palace gate during the Zhou Dynasty later took the hereditary official position of the palace as their surname.
② Originating from the wonders of the palace. According to the "General Annals of Clans", during the Spring and Autumn Period, Duke Xian of Jin planned to exterminate the two kingdoms of Yu and Guo in order to expand outwards. But the two countries are allies and difficult to confront. Duke Xian adopted the plan of the doctor Xun Xi to break through each one, and sent people to bribe the state of Yu with the BMW produced by Qu Di and the beautiful jade produced by Zhuo Ji. Duke Yu became very angry and immediately turned his anger into joy after meeting BMW and Meiyu, agreeing to the request of the Jin state. Gong Zhiqi, a senior official of the State of Yu, was originally a member of the clan of the monarch of the enfeoffed State of Gong (now located in Pinglu County, Shanxi). After the destruction of the State of Gong by Jin, he fled to the State of Yu. He said to Duke Yu, "The relationship between Guo and Yu is a matter of lips and teeth. If Guo is destroyed, can Yu still survive?" Duke Yu couldn't listen, and Gong Zhiqi sighed and quietly left Yu with his clan members. After the destruction of Guo State, Jin State also destroyed Yu State on its return journey. When Jin Xiangong took back the BMW and Meiyu, he made fun of Yu Gong and said, "Thank you very much for helping me keep them for a few days." At this time, Yu Gong was too late to regret it. Gong Zhiqi's foresight was later used as a symbol of the wise. His descendants took his name Gong as their surname.
③ Originating from the descendants of Nangong Shi. During the Spring and Autumn Period, Tao, the son of Lu Mengxi's son, lived in the southern palace of the capital, which was the disciple of Confucius, Nangong Shi. His descendants, who took the palace surname, adopted the Nangong surname as the ancestor of the palace surname.
④ Originating from the surname Ji. According to the "General Annals of Clans", after King Wu conquered the Shang Dynasty, he granted Yu Zhong the title of Xia Xu, and also granted his son the title of Shanggong in the state of Yu. Afterwards, he took the name Gong as his surname.
⑤ Derived from the compound surname with the palace character. The descendants of Dong Gong, Nan Gong, Xi Gong, and Bei Gong, who have multiple surnames, have the simplified Gong surname.
The county titles of the Gong surname mainly include Hedong County and Taiyuan County. Taiyuan County: Established in the fourth year of King Xiang of Qin Zhuang (246 BC). It is equivalent to the area south of Mount Wutai and north of Huoshan Mountain in Shanxi Province today. The government is located in Jinyang (now southwest of Taiyuan City, Shanxi Province).
The main hall number of the Gong surname is Zhongjian Hall. Zhongjian Hall: During the Spring and Autumn Period, the Jin State borrowed a good horse and a beautiful jade from the Yu State to attack the Guo State. Doctor Yu Gong Zhiqi advised Yu Jun, "If the lips are cut off, the teeth will inevitably be exposed and exposed to the cold. Guo Kingdom is like our lips, and we must not lend others a way to cut our own lips." Yu Jun refused to listen and took Ma Hebi from Jin Kingdom, lending him the way. Gong Zhiqi led all his people to escape from the state of Yu, unwilling to wait to become slaves of the conquered country. The state of Jin destroyed the class teacher of the state of Guo, and with ease, the state of Yu was also destroyed.
Tang couplets: The Tang couplets of the Gong surname mainly include: Sad and Remnant Yu La (Gong Zhiqi); Sacrifice the Divine Book (Gong Chong).
Celebrity: The Dictionary of Chinese Names
16 cases of Gong clan were included, and 17 cases were included in the "Dictionary of Names of Chinese Generations". During the Spring and Autumn Period, there were historical figures with the surname Gong, who were officials of the State of Yu; During the Han Dynasty, there were palace worshippers and people from Langya. During the reign of Emperor Shun of Han, there were hundreds of sacred books published; Gong Sun Tzu wrote two books for the Taoist school; In the Yuan Dynasty, there was Gong Tianshu, a native of Kaizhou, and a playwright; In the Ming Dynasty, the generals of Pingman gathered in the palace, and the famous scholar Gong An; In the Qing Dynasty, there were Gong Erquan, a Gaomi native who served as the governor of Yunnan and the governor of Fujian, Gong Mengren.
According to the seventh population census, there are 14695 people surnamed Gong in Shanxi Province, 452 in Linfen City, and 61 in Hongdong County.
The ancestral deity of the Gong surname is enshrined in the second cabinet of the Great Pagoda Tree Ancestral Worship Hall.
The genealogy of the Gong family mainly includes: "The genealogy of the Gong family in Taizhou, Jiangsu is not divided into volumes" (north picture, west of Chenjiaqiao, Taizhou, Jiangsu (two parts and one remnant); Shandong Donglai Gong Clan Genealogy Volume □ (Map of Yantai City, Shandong Province (saved in three volumes); The Gongshi Genealogy is not divided into volumes (north picture); The Four Volumes of the Gong Family Genealogy (North Picture).
According to the incomplete version of the 'Gong Clan Genealogy', the lineage of a branch of the Gong clan in Dongping, Shandong is as follows: 'The letter of etiquette is clear and distant, the loyalty is enlightening and peaceful, the tree base is virtuous and virtuous, and the world is prosperous and prosperous.'
Migration: The first ancestor of the Puyang Gong family, who migrated from Hongdong, Shanxi to Gongzhai Village, Huzhi Township, Puyang County during the Yongle period of the Ming Dynasty, was a large locust tree immigrant from Hongdong; The first ancestor of the Huairou Gong family moved from Hongdong, Shanxi to Tanghekou Village, Huairou County, Beijing in the third year of the Yongle reign of the Ming Dynasty. The first ancestor of the Jining Gong family moved from Hongdong County, Shanxi to Dawu Tun, Rencheng, Jining, Shandong Province in the early Ming Dynasty.