L á o surname
The ancestor was Lao Zheng. The ancestors of the Lao family, who immigrated to the Hongdong Pagoda Tree in the Ming Dynasty, were people from Pingyang Prefecture, Hongdong County, Zhaocheng County, and other regions. In the early Ming Dynasty, they were ordered to relocate to different places. By the end of the Qing Dynasty, their descendants were distributed in Henan, Shandong, Hebei, Beijing, Tianjin, Shaanxi, Anhui, Jiangsu, Hubei, Hunan, Shanxi, and other places.
The record of the surname Lao was first seen in the Southern Song Dynasty's "Surname Garden".
There are two main sources of surname:
① Originating from taking the mountain name as the surname. According to the "General Annals of Clans" and "Genealogy of Surnames", there is a famous scenic spot called Laoshan in the east of Qingdao City, Shandong Province. It is said that Xu Fu, the alchemist of Emperor Qin Shi Huang, led 5000 boys and girls to visit immortals at sea, and it was from here that they boarded the ship. Laoshan was called Laoshan in ancient times, and some people have lived here for generations. They took the name of the mountain as their surname, so they called it Laoshan.
② Originating from taking official positions as surname. According to "Guangyun", in ancient times, during the reign of Emperor Yan Shennong, people hunted for food. Shennong was worried that with the increasing population and fewer wild animals, people would starve to death in the future without food. So he lobbied everywhere, urging the people to cultivate and feed on grain. Therefore, Emperor Yan Shennong established a special official named Lao Zheng, which means to work hard and be diligent among the people. After unremitting efforts, people gradually became accustomed to the labor of farming, which led the Han people to embark on the path of agriculture. So people believe that Emperor Yan Shennong was the ancestor of Chinese agriculture. Lao Zheng was appointed as a vassal for his meritorious efforts in persuading the people to cultivate, and his descendants took the official position name Lao as their surname.
The county titles of the Lao surname mainly include Wuyang County and Songyang County. Wuyang County: In the Sui Dynasty, Weizhou was renamed Wuyang County. Equivalent to the region between Hebei and Shandong provinces today.
The main hall number of the surname Lao is Huairentang. Huairentang: During the Song Dynasty, a laborer served as a transport envoy to Tokyo. There are mines in Laiyang, and the people have private mining. The Laiyang pacification envoy will punish them for "stealing national minerals". Lao Yan said to the pacifier, "Everyone has a share in the benefits of the mountains. Moreover, the country has not previously announced a ban on private mining. Now we are bringing people to justice, aren't we using nets to catch birds?" So he pardoned the crime of private miners. People say that labor has a benevolent heart.
Tang Lian: The Tang Lian of the surname Lao mainly includes: literati Yingmen receiving education (Lao Ji); Transfer to lenient punishment (labor). The Kingdom of Shu ascended to the throne, and the Shangshulang was immortalized in history (by Lao Yanyi); Yinsha Tongli, the transportation envoy Huipu Qianli (laboring).
Celebrities: The "Chinese Dictionary of Names" includes 16 cases of Lao Shi, and the "Chinese Dictionary of Names" includes 19 cases. The historical celebrity surnamed Lao in the Later Han Dynasty had a person named Lao Bing from Langya; In the Ming Dynasty, Lao Zhang, a native of Chongde, was the Supervisor of the County of Luotian in Jiajing, a poet Lao Ji, and Lao Cheng, a Jinshi in Jingtai, who served as the magistrate of Huzhou; In the Qing Dynasty, there was Lao Tong, a native of the South China Sea, who served as a national supervisor and scholar. There were also poets and painters named Lao Zheng, and the governor of Yungui in the Qing Dynasty, Lao Chongguang.
According to the seventh population census, there are 122 people surnamed Lao in Shanxi Province and 19 people in Linfen City.
The ancestral deity of the surname Lao is enshrined in the second cabinet of the Great Pagoda Tree Ancestral Worship Hall.